Social anxiety disorder – a mental health diagnosis that involves persistent, intense fear about specific social situations due to concerns that one will be judged negatively, embarrassed or humiliated. Formally called “social phobia.”
Panic attack – an intense, brief period of anxiety characterized by physiological arousal including increased heart rate, sweating, trembling, and sometimes fainting
The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior – Theory developed by Thomas Joiner that posits that feelings of perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness lead to suicidal ideation.
Thwarted belongingness – feelings of isolation and loneliness; perception that one lacks mutually supportive relationships
Perceived burdensomeness – feeling that one is a burden to friends and family
Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) – a type of psychological treatment that works on recognizing unhelpful thought and behavior patterns; based on the idea that your thoughts, emotions, and actions are connected
Cognitive distortions – an exaggerated or irrational thought pattern; a primary focus of CBT treatment is to challenge cognitive distortions
Cognitive (CBT) triangle – a tool used in CBT to show how thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are all connected
Interpersonal psychotherapy – a type of psychological treatment focused on relieving depressive symptoms by improving interpersonal functioning
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy– a type of psychological treatment that involves accepting difficult emotions and experiences and engaging in committed action towards valued activities
Psychological flexibility – the ability to be in contact with the present moment and changing behavior based on chosen values
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) – a type of psychological treatment focused on building mindfulness skills, effectiveness in interpersonal relationships, emotion regulation strategies, and tolerating distress
If you or someone you know is struggling with or at risk for suicidal ideation and/or self-harm, you can get help by calling or texting the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (Hours: Available 24 hours. Languages: English, Spanish) 1-800-273-8255.
We introduce and briefly discuss Thomas Joiner’s Interpersonal Theory of Suicidal Behavior, read more about it here.
Here are some additional resources on supporting children and adolescents with suicidal thoughts: