Severe mental illness – a mental disorder characterized by serious impairment that interferes with multiple life domains; examples may include schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders or severe forms of other mental disorders
Lobotomy – a psychosurgery that involves severing the connection between the prefrontal cortex and the rest of the brain (no longer used)
Prefrontal cortex – part of the frontal lobe of the brain; responsible for executive function, or the process of planning, organizing, and decision making
Hydrotherapy – the use of water for pain relief and treatment
Conversion therapy – dangerous and discredited practices used to try to change someone’s sexual orientation or gender identity
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) – psychiatric treatment in which small electrical currents are passed through the brain to induce small seizures with the goal of causing changes to brain chemistry than can alleviate symptoms of certain mental conditions
We briefly discussed the “cycle of violence” in today’s session–check out Dr. Cathy Widom’s seminal work in this area.
Interested in learning more about the interactions between genes (nature) and the environment (nurture)? We recommend the work by Moffit and Caspi.
We covered some of the history of outdated mental health “treatments.” Learn more below!
Read more about the mammalian diving reflex and how it can be used to manage intense emotions here