Dissociation – lack of connection between thoughts, memory, and sense of identity
Depersonalization – experiences of feeling detached from, and as if one were an outside observer of, one’s mental processes or body (e.g., feeling as though one were in a dream; feeling a sense of unreality of self or body or of time moving slowly)
Derealization – experiences of unreality of surroundings (e.g., the world is experienced as unreal, dreamlike, distant, or distorted).
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) – a mental health diagnosis that can occur 1 month or more after a traumatic event that involves nightmares or unwanted memories of the trauma, avoidance of situations that bring back memories of the trauma, and heightened reactions.
Acute stress disorder – a mental health diagnosis that involves similar symptoms to PTSD, but occurs for several days or weeks after a traumatic event
Intrusive memories – flashbacks, nightmares, and intrusive images of a traumatic event
Hypervigilance – state of increased alertness and awareness of one’s surroundings, ofter characterized by being on high alert or on edge
Startle response– unconscious response to sudden or threatening stimuli (e.g., a sudden noise or sharp movement)
Within the context of Cassie’s experience, we discuss symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, including dissociation. We also discuss the difference between dissociation and hallucinations and how both can occur after trauma.
We also discuss Acute Stress Disorder for the first time on the podcast and describe the differences between this and PTSD.
If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of a substance use disorder, you can call the SAMHSA’s National Helpline, 1-800-662-HELP (4357)